vendredi 8 novembre 2019

ETUDE RECHERCHE Comportement sexuel et tentatives de suicide chez des adolescents âgés de 12 à 15 ans de 38 pays: une perspective mondiale

Sexual behavior and suicide attempts among adolescents aged 12–15 years from 38 countries: A global perspective
a Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK
b Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK
c Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven – University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium 
d Faculty of Medicine, University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Montigny-le-Bretonneux 78180, France 
e Division of Psychology and Mental Health, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, UK 
f NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Westmead, Australia 
g Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia 
h Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Center of Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria 
i School of Psychology and Sport Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK 
j Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, Holy Cross Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada 
k Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain 
l Unit Suicide Research, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Center of Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria 
m National Research Council, Neuroscience Institute, aging branch, Padova, Italy 
n Research and Development Unit, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, CIBERSAM, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain 
o ICREA, Pg. Lluis Companys 23, Barcelona, Spain
Received 13 June 2019, Revised 6 September 2019, Accepted 6 September 2019, Available online 7 September 2019.

The aim was to investigate the relationship between sexual behaviors and suicide attempts by using data from 38 countries from four World Health Organization regions.

Cross-sectional data from 116,820 adolescents aged 12–15 years participating in the Global School-based Student Health Survey 2009–2016 were analyzed. Data on sexual behaviors were collected: (i) ever having had intercourse; among those who reported having had intercourse, (ii) multiple (≥2) lifetime sexual partners and (iii) condom use in last sexual intercourse and past 12-month suicide attempts were self-reported. Associations were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression.

The prevalence of sexual intercourse and suicide attempts were 13.2% and 9.1%, respectively. A positive association between sexual intercourse and suicide attempts was found in 32 of the 38 countries (pooled OR for whole sample 2.12 [95% CI 1.98–2.27]). Having had multiple sexual partners was associated with increased odds of suicide attempts (pooled OR for whole sample 1.58 [1.27–1.96]). Condom non-use was only associated with suicide attempts among boys in the Americas (OR: 1.75 [1.25–2.45]).

Engaging in sexual intercourse was associated with increased risk of suicide attempt. Moreover, having had multiple sexual partners may also increase the risk of suicide attempts.

Sexual Behaviour

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