vendredi 26 juin 2020

ETUDE RECHERCHE Qui fait quoi dans les services d'urgence pour assurer la récupération de la mémoire après un auto-empoisonnement ? Une enquête sur les centres hospitaliers universitaires en France

Opinion
Who is doing what in emergency departments to ensure memory recovery after self-poisoning? A survey of university hospital centers in France
Available online 3 June 2020
In Press,
Highlights
Deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) with a drug constitutes the majority of suicide attempts.
Most ingested drugs in DSP are known to lead to cognitive impairment.
In 2006, an expert from the American College of Emergency Physicians Clinical Policies (Subcommittee on Critical Issues in the Diagnosis and Management of the Adult Psychiatric Patient in the Emergency Department) recommended that, in order to achieve adherence to the care instructions provided, cognitive recuperation should have occurred before a psychiatric assessment is conducted.
We investigate how the clinicians perform this cognitive evaluation in their current practice in psychiatric emergency department of University Hospital in France.
Summary
Introduction
Suicide prevention is a critical issue, and is related to the care and follow-up provided after a suicide attempt. This treatment is, however, linked to a patient's ability to memorize the information given to them in the emergency department, even though their memory may be impaired due to the drugs ingested after a self-poisoning suicide attempt. There is therefore a recommendation that a patient's cognitive-function should be evaluated in these circumstances. The aim of this study was to examine how this advice is applied in practice.
Methods
We performed a telephone survey of the 30 teaching hospitals in France. The psychiatric team at each center was asked about the cognitive tests or other methods they employed to evaluate a patient's cognitive-function. We also examined the other markers used.
Results
Only one of the hospitals contacted used a cognitive test. The others determined cognitive recuperation based on factors such as clinical opinion, vigilance or the plasma half-life of the drugs ingested.
Conclusion
There was no consensus on whether and which cognitive tests should be used following a self-poisoning suicide attempt. Indeed, these tests were very rarely employed. Most of the hospitals contacted used clinical markers, even though these have major limitations. The issue of conducting cognitive evaluations after deliberate self-poisoning must therefore be addressed in order to harmonize clinical practice throughout the country.
Keywords
Cognitive assessment
Deliberate self-poisoning

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